Tropical Rainforest Plot Network: Tree Stem Density and Basal Area Associations with Phytophthora, Garrawalt, Northern Queensland, Australia, 1975–2009

Abstract: These data show the change in basal area and stem number following infection by Cinnamon Water Mould (Phytophthora cinnamomi) at the Garrawalt permanent plot NW of Townsville between 1975–2009. It demonstrates the recovery in dieback areas in Australia's tropical rainforests. The data tables attached are used to generate the graph in Figure 5.11 on p133 of the book Lindenmayer et al. 2014 Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring Challenges and Direction.

The CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). The plots have a rainfall range of 1200 to 3500 mm, represent eleven vegetation types, six parent materials, and range from 15 m to 1200 m above sea level. Except for minor disturbances associated with selective logging on two plots, the plots were established in old growth forest and all plots have thereafter been protected. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c343f9e98336. Sampling method: As for Study Extent. Study extent: >See: Metcalfe, D. J., and M. G. Bradford. 2008. Rain forest recovery from dieback, Queensland, Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 256:2073–2077, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.07.040 Project funding: Commonwealth Forest and Timber Bureau (1971-1978), CSIRO internal funding (since 1978), Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management and the Rainforest Cooperative Research Centres (1992-2006), Earthwatch (2006). The most recent censuses have been supported by the Long-Term Ecological Research Network sub facility, part of the Australian Government’s Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Network (http://www.tern.org.au/Long-Term-Ecological-Research-Network-LTERN-pg17872.html). These data were curated and published with strategic funds from a TERN initiative to publish long term data packages from the book Lindenmayer et al. 2014 Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring, Challenges and Direction. Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Type
collection
Title
Tropical Rainforest Plot Network: Tree Stem Density and Basal Area Associations with Phytophthora, Garrawalt, Northern Queensland, Australia, 1975–2009
Brief Title
Tropical Rainforest Plot Network: Tree Stem Density And Basal Area Associations With Phytophthora, 1975–2009
Alternate Title
CSIRO Permanent Rainforest Plots
Collection Type
Dataset
Access Privileges
Long Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier
10.25911/5c3d5c40a56d5
Website Address
https://datacommons.anu.edu.au/
Metadata Language
English
Data Language
English
Brief Description
These data show the change in basal area and stem number following infection by Cinnamon Water Mould (Phytophthora cinnamomi) at the Garrawalt permanent plot NW of Townsville between 1975–2009. It demonstrates the recovery in dieback areas in Australia's tropical rainforests. The data tables attached are used to generate the graph in Figure 5.11 on p133 of the book Lindenmayer et al. 2014 Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring Challenges and Direction. The CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). The plots have a rainfall range of 1200 to 3500 mm, represent eleven vegetation types, six parent materials, and range from 15 m to 1200 m above sea level. Except for minor disturbances associated with selective logging on two plots, the plots were established in old growth forest and all plots have thereafter been protected. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c343f9e98336.
Full Description
Abstract: These data show the change in basal area and stem number following infection by Cinnamon Water Mould (Phytophthora cinnamomi) at the Garrawalt permanent plot NW of Townsville between 1975–2009. It demonstrates the recovery in dieback areas in Australia's tropical rainforests. The data tables attached are used to generate the graph in Figure 5.11 on p133 of the book Lindenmayer et al. 2014 Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring Challenges and Direction.

The CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). The plots have a rainfall range of 1200 to 3500 mm, represent eleven vegetation types, six parent materials, and range from 15 m to 1200 m above sea level. Except for minor disturbances associated with selective logging on two plots, the plots were established in old growth forest and all plots have thereafter been protected. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c343f9e98336. Sampling method: As for Study Extent. Study extent: >See: Metcalfe, D. J., and M. G. Bradford. 2008. Rain forest recovery from dieback, Queensland, Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 256:2073–2077, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.07.040 Project funding: Commonwealth Forest and Timber Bureau (1971-1978), CSIRO internal funding (since 1978), Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management and the Rainforest Cooperative Research Centres (1992-2006), Earthwatch (2006). The most recent censuses have been supported by the Long-Term Ecological Research Network sub facility, part of the Australian Government’s Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Network (http://www.tern.org.au/Long-Term-Ecological-Research-Network-LTERN-pg17872.html). These data were curated and published with strategic funds from a TERN initiative to publish long term data packages from the book Lindenmayer et al. 2014 Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring, Challenges and Direction. Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Methods
1
Plot setup
CSIRO Experimental Plot 19 (18°30'S, 145°45'E, 620 m), known as the 'Garrawalt plot’, was established in June 1975 in unlogged rain forest on the eastern side of the Seaview Range in the Bargoo Logging Area, State Forest 750, inside what is now the Girringun National Park in the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area. The forest was classified as simple notophyll vine forest.
— Metcalfe, D. J., and M. G. Bradford. 2008. Rainforest recovery from dieback, Queensland, Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 256:2073–2077.
Plot boundaries were surveyed with prismatic compasses, 50 m steel survey band and Abney level.
2
Plot slope adjustment
The plot was surveyed to provide a slope corrected 100 m x 50 m, giving a plan-projected area of 0.5 ha, around which a 20 m buffer zone was established within which no logging activities took place by agreement with the Queensland Department of Forestry. Values in this paper are converted to a true ground area of 0.515 ha, which takes account of the slope within the plot. — Metcalfe & Bradford, 2008: 2074.
All data values in the attached tables are adjusted to plot slope (e.g. stem no in plot x 1.941748 to generate numbers per standardised hectare).
3
Tree surveys
In the plot all trees >= 10 cm diameter at breast height (dbh) were identified, measured and painted with a unique number.The plot was visited for recensus every 2 years from 1975 to 1991, and thereafter in 1998 and in 2005. — Metcalfe & Bradford, 2008: 2074
4
Measuring the impact of Phytophthora die back
At each census all trees that recruited into the >= 10 cm dbh size class were measured and all trees that died were noted. Trees that were documented as dead at a census event prior to the recording of dieback (i.e. dead 2–4 years before new dieback recorded) within a particular area were not counted as dieback fatalities. Trees that died up to 2 years after new dieback was recorded were included as dieback fatalities. Mortality rates were calculated as the number of deaths within a census period (i.e. 2 years) divided by the number of live trees which had been within the area affected at the previous census. — Metcalfe & Bradford, 2008: 2074.
File Descriptions
mtrf_veg_associations_with_phytophthora_1975-2009_p367t630.csv
basal_area_not_pc
definitionBasal area not in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitsquareMeter
basal_area_pc_area
definitionBasal area in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitsquareMeter
basal_area_per_ha_adjusted_whole_plot
definitionBasal area (m^2) per standardised hectare (adjusted for surface area) for the whole plot
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitdimensionless
basal_area_per_ha_not_pc_area
definitionBasal area (m^2) per standardised hectare (adjusted for surface area) not in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitdimensionless
basal_area_per_ha_pc_area
definitionBasal area (m^2) per standardised hectare (adjusted for surface area) in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitdimensionless
descriptionData used to generate the graph in Figure 5.11 on p133 of the book Lindenmayer et al. 2014 Biodiversity and Environmental Change
number of records12
stems_not_pc_area
definitionNumber of stems not in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
stems_pc_area
definitionNumber of stems in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
stems_per_ha_adjusted_whole_plot
definitionNumber of stems per standardised hectare (adjusted for surface area) for the whole plot
ratio custom unitnumberPerHectare
ratio number typereal
stems_per_ha_not_pc_area
definitionNumber of stems not in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio custom unitnumberPerHectare
ratio number typenatural
stems_per_ha_pc_area
definitionNumber of stems per standardised hectare (adjusted for surface area) in the Phytophthora cinnamomi infected area (dieback area)
ratio custom unitnumberPerHectare
ratio number typereal
stems_whole_plot
definitionNumber of stems across the whole plot
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
year
date time formatYYYY
definitionSurvey year
Contact Email
dan.metcalfe@csiro.au; matt.bradford@csiro.au
Contact Address
CSIRO 41 Boggo Road Dutton Park, QLD, 4102 Australia
Contact Phone Number
+61 7 3833 5529; +61 7 4091 8800; +61 427 766 704
Principal Investigator
Dan Metcalfe
Supervisors
Dan Metcalfe
Collaborators
Matt G. Bradford
Fields of Research
0501 - Ecological Applications; 0602 - Ecology
Keywords
GCMD:Biological Classification > Plants; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Vegetation structure; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species abundance; keyword:Cinnamon Water Mould; keyword:Phytophthera cinnamomi; keyword:Dieback; keyword:Basal area; keyword:Stem count; keyword:Tropical rainforest; Tropical Rainforest; Tree Stem Density And Basal Area Associations With Phytophthora
Type of Research Activity
Strategic basic research
Date Coverage
1975
2009
Geospatial Location
text
The CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). North-eastern Australia is topographically diverse, and the plots span much of the geographical variation in environmental gradients across the study area. The climate is tropical with mean annual rainfall ranging from 1200 mm to over 8000 mm on the higher coastal ranges. Seventeen of the plots are located within the Wet Tropics Bioregion (sensu Department of Environment 2013) between 19.4ºS, 146.5ºE and 15.7ºS, 145.3ºE.
iso19139dcmiBox
northlimit = -12.74273; southlimit = -21.25266; westlimit = 143.25092; eastLimit = 148.54295
Date of data creation
2015-06-24
Year of data publication
2015
Creator(s) for Citation
Daniel
Metcalfe
Matt G.
Bradford
Publisher for Citation
The Australian National University Data Commons
Publications
doi
10.1016/j.foreco.2008.07.040
Rain forest recovery from dieback, Queensland, Australia.
Metcalfe, D. J., and M. G. Bradford. 2008. Rain forest recovery from dieback, Queensland, Australia. Forest Ecology and Management 256:2073–2077, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.07.040
Other Related Identifiers
MorphoId:ltern.197; PackageId:367
Access Rights Type
Open
Rights held in and over the data
Creative Commons Licence (CC BY- Attribution) is assigned to this data. Details of the licence can be found at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Licence Type
CC-BY - Attribution (Version 4)
Licence
LTERN Deed: 28 Date of execution: 2015-05-15
Data Location
https://datacommons.anu.edu.au
Retention Period
Indefinitely
Data Management Plan
No
Status: Published
Published to:
  • Australian National University
  • Australian National Data Service
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