Victorian Alpine Plot Network (Phenology Studies): Vegetation (Insect flower visitors) Data, South-east Highlands, Australia, 2013–2014

Abstract: The Victorian Alpine Plot Network Vegetation (Insect flower visitors) Data Package contains phenology data which are sampled on the same dates, three times a year at transects situated at an altitude of 1400 m to 1880 m. These transects were established as a natural experiment - to provide infrastructure to validate the findings from the ATEX manipulated, experimental plots. The aim is to describe the phonological responses of alpine plants to environmental variables and assess the usefulness of this measure to assess vulnerability to changing abiotic (e.g. climate) and biotic (e.g. invasive species) factors. This is part of a dataset that spans from during data collected in 2011 to document long-term effects directly through climate and indirectly through biotic interactions (see methods for more information). This data package is associated with the following publication: Johanson, L. G., Hoffmann, A. A., Walker, K. L. and Nash, M. A. (2018), Bees of the Victorian Alps: Network structure and interactions of introduced species. Austral Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12669 Project funding: Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Type
collection
Title
Victorian Alpine Plot Network (Phenology Studies): Vegetation (Insect flower visitors) Data, South-east Highlands, Australia, 2013–2014
Alternate Title
Victorian Alpine Plot Network: Vegetation – Insect Flower Visitors Data Phenology Studies, 2013–2014
Collection Type
Dataset
Access Privileges
Long Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier
10.25911/5c4000557b38e
Metadata Language
English
Data Language
English
Brief Description
The Victorian Alpine Plot Network Vegetation (Insect flower visitors) Data Package contains phenology data which are sampled between 2013 and 2014. This data package is associated with the following publication: Johanson, L. G., Hoffmann, A. A., Walker, K. L. and Nash, M. A. (2018), Bees of the Victorian Alps: Network structure and interactions of introduced species. Austral Ecology. https://doi.org/doi:10.1111/aec.12669
Full Description
Abstract: The Victorian Alpine Plot Network Vegetation (Insect flower visitors) Data Package contains phenology data which are sampled on the same dates, three times a year at transects situated at an altitude of 1400 m to 1880 m. These transects were established as a natural experiment - to provide infrastructure to validate the findings from the ATEX manipulated, experimental plots. The aim is to describe the phonological responses of alpine plants to environmental variables and assess the usefulness of this measure to assess vulnerability to changing abiotic (e.g. climate) and biotic (e.g. invasive species) factors. This is part of a dataset that spans from during data collected in 2011 to document long-term effects directly through climate and indirectly through biotic interactions (see methods for more information). This data package is associated with the following publication: Johanson, L. G., Hoffmann, A. A., Walker, K. L. and Nash, M. A. (2018), Bees of the Victorian Alps: Network structure and interactions of introduced species. Austral Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12669 Project funding: Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Methods
1
Plot set-up
Transects were established as a natural experiment - to provide infrastructure to validate the findings from the ATEX manipulated, experimental plots. The aim is to describe the phenological responses of alpine plants to environmental variables and assess the usefulness of this measure to assess vulnerability to changing abiotic (e.g. climate) and biotic (e.g. invasive species) factors. The Victorian Alpine Plot Network research plots commenced in 1996 and were revisited annually for 3 years and then on a decadal basis.
These new transects were established in November 2011 to cover a range of elevations. On the Bogong High Plains one set of six transects runs from Buckety Plain to Mt Nelse and another set of plots from Wild Horse Creek to Mt Nelse, with the Mt Nelse point common to both sets. Five sampling transects were also established at Mount Hotham. There are 18 transects in total, which range in altitude from 1400 m to 1880 m. At each site a permanent transect has been established with a geo-located red gum peg marking the start. Transects are sampled on the same dates, three times a year: early season (Bogong High Plains 10-13 November, Hotham 15 November), mid-season (BHPs 17-20 December, Hotham 22 December) and late season (BHPs 18-22 February, Hotham 24 February).
Sampling area within transect: A 30 m tape is run from the red gum peg with the temperature sensors in the direction given in Table 1. Each transect is a minimum of 10 m and is mostly be run out to 30 m. Species are recorded along the tape and where necessary within 1 m each side of the tape. If a larger search area is required we continue beyond 30 m and a greater distance either side of the tape. The search area is variable in area so that each species on the data sheet is located, and to ensure that sufficient numbers of individuals are sampled at each site to estimate flowering time.
2
Data Collection
To provide sufficient data on visitations, long quadrats, 1 m by 20 m length, are used to observe insects visiting flowers, adjacent to the plot sites. Wooden stakes 50 mm by 25 mm are used to mark the ends and right hand edge of the quadrats, determined by the peg with the metal label. Where possible the edge along which one walks to record is down slope to the quadrat as this makes observations easier. The floral units for each flowering species are recorded within the quadrat for the entire season, with ten minutes spent observing insect visits for each quadrat. Floral units are defined as non-connected florets. In the case of shrubs this can be difficult to determine so a rough guide is to count the number of stems with flowers and also record the number of individual shrubs flowering within the quadrat. With PIMALP and other similarly structured species the number of flowers can be estimated quite easily but the number of individual plant flowering is also recorded. Recordings are initiated under conditions are suitable for insect activity (not in the rain).
3
Documentation
Plant species are recorded. Insect records follow the same convention, however in most cases identification is at the family level. Given taxonomic restraints, vouchers need to be collected for formal identification purposes; however these need to be limited to minimize disturbance. We use descriptive names for insects tied to vouchers and photos. Vouchers are verified by specialists and are lodged at home institutions.
File Descriptions
vphs_insect_flower_visitors_p104t415.csv
apis_mellifera
definitionApis mellifera observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of observation
exoneura_bicolor
definitionExoneura bicolor observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
family
definitionPlant family
nominal text definitionCharacter
homalictus_sphecodoides
definitionHomalictus sphecodoides observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
hylaeus_honestus
definitionHylaeus honestus observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
hyphesma_atromicans
definitionHyphesma atromicans observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_asperithorax
definitionLasioglossum asperithorax observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_baudini
definitionLasioglossum baudini observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_brazieri
definitionLasioglossum brazieri observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_clelandi
definitionLasioglossum clelandi observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_disclusum
definitionLasioglossum disclusum observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_hilactum
definitionLasioglossum hilactum observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_littleri
definitionLasioglossum littleri observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_mundulum
definitionLasioglossum mundulum observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_sculpturatum
definitionLasioglossum sculpturatum observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_seductum
definitionLasioglossum seductum observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
lasioglossum_subrussatum
definitionLasioglossum subrussatum observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
leioproctus_chalybeatus
definitionLeioproctus chalybeatus observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
leioproctus_clarki
definitionLeioproctus clarki observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
megachile_aurifrons
definitionMegachile aurifrons observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
megachile_macularis
definitionMegachile macularis observations
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
plant_species
definitionScientific name
nominal text definitionCharacter
site
definitionSite
nominal text definitionCharacter
Contact Email
belln@unimelb.edu.au; ary@unimelb.edu.au
Contact Address
Bio21 Institute, Departments of Genetics and Zoology University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., 3010 Australia
Contact Phone Number
+61 3 8344 2282
Principal Investigator
Ary Hoffman
Supervisors
Ary Hoffman
Fields of Research
0602 - Ecology; 0607 - Plant Biology
Keywords
GCMD:Earth Science > Biosphere > Vegetation; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Vegetation structure; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species abundance; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Individual plants; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species composition; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Invertebrates; Victorian Alpine; Phenology Studies; Vegetation – Insect Flower Visitors Data
Type of Research Activity
Strategic basic research
Date Coverage
2013
2014
Geospatial Location
text
South-east Highlands, Victoria, Australia
iso19139dcmiBox
northlimit = -36.73575; southlimit = -37.49639; westlimit = 146.41728; eastLimit = 147.40598
Date of data creation
2014-10-17
Year of data publication
2014
Creator(s) for Citation
Ary
Hoffman
Publisher for Citation
Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN), ANU Data Commons, The Australian National University
Publications
doi
10.1111/aec.12669
Bees of the Victorian Alps: Network structure and interactions of introduced species.
Johanson, L. G., Hoffmann, A. A., Walker, K. L. and Nash, M. A. (2018), Bees of the Victorian Alps: Network structure and interactions of introduced species. Austral Ecology, https://doi.org/10.1111/aec.12669
Other Related Identifiers
MorphoId:ltern2.234; PackageId:104
Access Rights Type
Open
Rights held in and over the data
Creative Commons Licence (CC BY) is assigned to this data. Details of the licence can be found at http://creativecommons.org.au/licences.
Licence Type
CC-BY - Attribution (Version 4)
Retention Period
Indefinitely
Data Management Plan
No
Status: Published
Published to:
  • Australian National University
  • Australian National Data Service