Three Parks Savanna Fire-effects Plot Network (Fauna): Terrestrial Vertebrate Monitoring, Nitmiluk National Park, Northern Territory, Australia, 2005–2011

Abstract: A total of 220 permanent monitoring plots (40 m x 20 m) were established across three parks (Kakadu, Litchfield and Nitmiluk) in 1994-1995 to monitor biotic change. Of these, 46 plots are located in Nitmuluk. These sample a variety of landform and vegetation type/habitat conditions. A substantial proportion of plots were positioned deliberately at sites likely to reveal environmental dynamics, especially at ecotones and in patches of fire-sensitive vegetation. For example stands of Callitris, sandstone heaths. As well, many plots are located at, or in the near vicinity of, intensively managed sites such as camp-grounds and other tourist destinations. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Three Park Savanna Fire-effects Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c35959d4530d. Sampling method: Some of the species listed in the taxonomic coverage were by-catch (i.e. they were not recorded using the described collection protocols). The monitoring program was designed originally to sample vegetation. Its suitability for the monitoring of fauna was recognised at a later date. As a consequence, the monitoring of fauna generally has lagged behind the vegetation monitoring program. The 46 plots in Nitmiluk were sampled in 2005 and 42 of these were resampled in 2011. Study extent: There were two terrestrial vertebrate surveys conducted during this temporal range - one in 2005 and the other in 2011. Project funding: National Environmental Research Program. Between 2012 and 2018 this project has been part of the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN). LTERN is a Facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy. This project has also received funding through Parks Australia, NT Parks & Wildlife Service, Tropical Savannas CRC, and Darwin Centre for Bushfires Research (Charles Darwin University).
Type
collection
Title
Three Parks Savanna Fire-effects Plot Network (Fauna): Terrestrial Vertebrate Monitoring, Nitmiluk National Park, Northern Territory, Australia, 2005–2011
Alternate Title
Three Parks Savanna Fire-effects - Fauna Plot Network: Terrestrial Vertebrate Monitoring Kakadu, Litchfield, Nitmiluk, 2005–2011
Collection Type
Dataset
Access Privileges
Long Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier
10.25911/5c341776f2185
Website Address
https://datacommons.anu.edu.au/
Metadata Language
English
Data Language
English
Brief Description
A total of 220 permanent monitoring plots (40 m x 20 m) were established across three parks (Kakadu, Litchfield and Nitmiluk) in 1994-1995 to monitor biotic change. Of these, 46 plots are located in Nitmuluk. These sample a variety of landform and vegetation type/habitat conditions. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Three Park Savanna Fire-effects Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c35959d4530d
Full Description
Abstract: A total of 220 permanent monitoring plots (40 m x 20 m) were established across three parks (Kakadu, Litchfield and Nitmiluk) in 1994-1995 to monitor biotic change. Of these, 46 plots are located in Nitmuluk. These sample a variety of landform and vegetation type/habitat conditions. A substantial proportion of plots were positioned deliberately at sites likely to reveal environmental dynamics, especially at ecotones and in patches of fire-sensitive vegetation. For example stands of Callitris, sandstone heaths. As well, many plots are located at, or in the near vicinity of, intensively managed sites such as camp-grounds and other tourist destinations. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Three Park Savanna Fire-effects Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c35959d4530d. Sampling method: Some of the species listed in the taxonomic coverage were by-catch (i.e. they were not recorded using the described collection protocols). The monitoring program was designed originally to sample vegetation. Its suitability for the monitoring of fauna was recognised at a later date. As a consequence, the monitoring of fauna generally has lagged behind the vegetation monitoring program. The 46 plots in Nitmiluk were sampled in 2005 and 42 of these were resampled in 2011. Study extent: There were two terrestrial vertebrate surveys conducted during this temporal range - one in 2005 and the other in 2011. Project funding: National Environmental Research Program. Between 2012 and 2018 this project has been part of the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN). LTERN is a Facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy. This project has also received funding through Parks Australia, NT Parks & Wildlife Service, Tropical Savannas CRC, and Darwin Centre for Bushfires Research (Charles Darwin University).
Methods
1
Set-up
Fauna survey sites (50x50 m) are set up adjacent (preferably to the left) of the fixed vegetation monitoring plots.
Cage traps = 4–6 (one on each corner of the trapping quadrat = 50 x 50 m, and additionally for helicopter surveys one in middle of two sides)
Elliott traps = 20/30 (vehicle surveys/helicopter surveys) evenly spaced around the perimeter
Pit falls = 3 (3 fences, 18 pegs, 3 buckets)
Funnels = two if possible and four extra pegs to secure them against one of the fences
2
Data collection
The fauna survey protocol comprises searches and trapping over a 72 hour period, including:
(i) eight “instantaneous” counts (predominantly in the early morning) of birds present in a 1 ha plot,
(ii) two nocturnal spotlighting searches each for 10-minutes of a 50 m x 50 m plot within the 1 ha plot, for frogs, reptiles, birds and mammals;
(iii) three 10-minute day-time searches for reptiles, frogs and mammals in the 50 m x 50 m plot;
(iv) an array of 20 Elliott traps (metal box traps 30 cm x 7 cm x 7 cm) and four cage traps (65 cm x 15 cm x 15 cm) evenly spaced along the perimeter of the 50 m x 50 m plot (mostly to sample small mammals), baited with a mixture of peanut butter, honey and oats, and checked early every morning; and
(v) two pitfall traps (20 L plastic buckets dug into the ground), with 8 m of 30 cm high flywire drift-line netting. For each species, an abundance value is calculated as the sum of all individuals captured or reported in searches.
Habitat assessment proforma x 1
Fauna summary sheet x 1
File Descriptions
tpsn_terrestrial_vertebrate_monitoring_p87t82.csv
abundance
definitionOccurrence count of the species
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
common_name
definitionCommon name
nominal text definitionCharacter
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionThe survey date
full_name
definitionScientific name
nominal text definitionCharacter
id
definitionRecord identifier
nominal text definitionCharacter
number of records3355
round
definitionEach survey site has a date and year, and is surveyed every five years. Each of these 5-yearly rounds of sampling is a “round”.
ratio number typenatural
ratio standard unitnumber
site
definitionSite identifier
nominal text definitionCharacter
species_id
definitionIdentifier given to vertebrate species
nominal text definitionCharacter
survey
definitionThe park the survey was conducted in
nominal text definitionCharacter
survey_site
definitionIdentifier for the survey site
nominal text definitionCharacter
Contact Email
alaric.fisher@nt.gov.au
Contact Address
PO Box 496 Palmerston, Northern Territory, 0831 Australia
Contact Phone Number
+61 8 8995 5002; +61 478404546
Principal Investigator
Alaric Fisher
Supervisors
Alaric Fisher
Collaborators
Graeme Gillespie; Jeremy Russell-Smith
Fields of Research
0501 - Ecological Applications; 0502 - Environmental Science and Management; 0602 - Ecology
Keywords
GCMD:Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecological Dynamics > Fire Ecology; GCMD:Earth Science > Biosphere > Terrestrial Ecosystems > Savannas; GCMD:Earth Science > Biological Classification > Animals/Vertebrates; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Fire; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Herpetofauna; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Birds; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Mammals; keyword:Fire effects; keyword:Terrestrial vertebrate sampling; keyword:Litchfield; keyword:Parks; keyword:Savanna; Three Parks Savanna Fire-effects - Fauna; Kakadu, Litchfield, Nitmiluk; Terrestrial Vertebrate Monitoring
Type of Research Activity
Pure basic research
Date Coverage
2005
2011
Geospatial Location
text
Nimiluk (Katherine Gorge) National Park
iso19139dcmiBox
northlimit = -13.81268; southlimit = -14.39819; westlimit = 132.16505; eastLimit = 132.74043
Date of data creation
2015-06-10
Year of data publication
2015
Creator(s) for Citation
Alaric
Fisher
Publisher for Citation
Australian National University Data Commons
Other Related Identifiers
MorphoId:ltern.99; PackageId:87
Access Rights
Special Conditions: Users are required to contact the Data Provider to discuss use of these data, including collaboration or co-authorship where appropriate. Users are also required to seek permission from Northern Territory Government Department of Land Resource to discuss use of this data package.
Access Rights Type
Restricted
Rights held in and over the data
AusGoal Restrictive Licence - This licence has been developed specifically for mateiral that may contain personal or other confidential information. It may also be used for other reasons, including material to be licenced under some form of limiting or restrictive condition.
Licence Type
AusGoalRestrictive - AusGoal Restrictive Licence
Licence
LTERN Deed: 47 Date of execution: 2017-05-12 Restrictions: Data collected prior to 2012 is to be published as mediated, except where explicitly stated otherwise by the Data Provider.
Data Location
https://datacommons.anu.edu.au
Retention Period
Indefinitely
Data Management Plan
No
Status: Published
Published to:
  • Australian National University
  • Australian National Data Service
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