Tropical Rainforest Plot Network: Understorey Floristic Data, Northern Queensland, Australia, 1972-2016

Typecollection
TitleTropical Rainforest Plot Network: Understorey Floristic Data, Northern Queensland, Australia, 1972-2016
Brief TitleTropical Rainforest Plot Network: Understorey Floristics, 1972-2016
Alternate TitleCSIRO Permanent Rainforest Plots of North Queensland
Collection TypeDataset
Access PrivilegesLong Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier10.25911/5c3d6476d8588
Website Addresshttps://datacommons.anu.edu.au/
Metadata LanguageEnglish
Data LanguageEnglish
Brief DescriptionThe Tropical Rainforest Plot Network Rainforest Understorey Floristic Data contains understorey floristic data from all 20 of its 0.5 ha (100 m x 50 m) permanent rainforest plots in Northern Queensland, Australia. Data was collected for all plots at the time of establishment before 1981 and data was again collected for half of the plots post-2000.

The CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). The plots have a rainfall range of 1200 to 3500 mm, represent eleven vegetation types, six parent materials, and range from 15 m to 1200 m above sea level. Except for minor disturbances associated with selective logging on two plots, the plots were established in old growth forest and all plots have thereafter been protected.

In conjunction with the Tree Demographic Data packages which have been collected by the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network, the data collected from these 20 plots provides an insight into the floristical composition, structure and long term forest dynamics of Australian tropical rainforests and allows direct comparisons to be made with long-term monitoring plots at a global scale.


A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network’s full program is provided at hhttps://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c249fbe8ee..


Full DescriptionAbstract: The Tropical Rainforest Plot Network Rainforest Understorey Floristic Data contains understorey floristic data from all 20 of its 0.5 ha (100 m x 50 m) permanent rainforest plots in Northern Queensland, Australia. Data was collected for all plots at the time of establishment before 1981 and data was again collected for half of the plots post-2000.

The CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). The plots have a rainfall range of 1200 to 3500 mm, represent eleven vegetation types, six parent materials, and range from 15 m to 1200 m above sea level. Except for minor disturbances associated with selective logging on two plots, the plots were established in old growth forest and all plots have thereafter been protected. In conjunction with the Tree Demographic Data packages which have been collected by the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network, the data collected from these 20 plots provides an insight into the floristical composition, structure and long term forest dynamics of Australian tropical rainforests and allows direct comparisons to be made with long-term monitoring plots at a global scale.

For further background data please refer to Bradford, M.G., Murphy, H.T., Ford, A.J., Hogan, D. and Metcalfe, D.J. (2014) "Long-term stem inventory data from tropical rain forest plots in Australia", Ecology, 95(8): 2362. Ecological Archives E095-209-D1, https://doi.org/10.1890/14-0458R.1.

A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Tropical Rainforest Plot Network’s full program is provided at hhttps://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c249fbe8ee..

Data between 1971 and 2013 can be also be sourced from CSIRO Data Access Portal at http://doi.org/10.4225/08/59475c67be7a4.

Sampling method: The 20 CSIRO permanent plots were opportunistically located ahead of logging operations or in areas of no or minor recent disturbance (EP9 and EP38 showed evidence of slight disturbance in a section of the plot due to selective logging at least 20 years prior to establishment). Where possible, plots were located to represent the major forests and geologies of North Queensland. All plots were surveyed to enclose a projected plan view area of 0.5 ha (100 m x 50 m) with plot boundary distances corrected for slope. The resulting plot areas are presented in Table 2.

Plot boundaries were surveyed with prismatic compasses, 50 m steel survey band and Abney level. The four plot corners were initially marked with treated wooden pegs and subsequently replaced with steel pickets. All plots were subdivided into 16 subplots (A to P), each 25 m x 12.5 m with permanent wooden subplot markers. A 20 m buffer area around each plot was established to exclude future human disturbance. A canopy tower was located adjacent to both EP4 and EP33 from establishment until 2005 and focussed on canopy sampling and photosynthetic studies. Data from the towers is not included in this data package, but have been included in associated publications.

The plots were established between 1971 and 1980 and were initially censused every two years until 1991, and at intervals of 2-15 years thereafter.

Species References:
- Bostock, P. D., and A. E. Holland (2010). Census of the Queensland flora 2010. Toowoong: Queensland Herbarium.
- Henderson, R.J.F. (ed) (2002). Names and distribution of Queensland plants, algae and lichens. Toowoong: Queensland Herbarium.

Study extent: The study was conducted in the rainforests of North Queensland, Australia between Mackay 21.5ºS, 149ºE and the Iron Range 12.5ºS, 143ºE.

The plots span much of the geographical variation in environmental gradients across the study area and represent eleven moist humid tropical vegetation (Tracey, J. G. 1982. The vegetation of the humid tropical region of North Queensland. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.), six parent material types, and range from 15 m to 1200 m asl. The climate is tropical with mean annual rainfall ranging from 1200 mm to over 8000 mm on the higher coastal ranges. Seventeen of the plots are located within the Wet Tropics Bioregion which is broadly composed of closed canopy rainforest and open Eucalyptus forests and woodlands.

Continuous areas of rainforest account for approximately 6300 km2 of the region (Tracey 1982 as above) and are found in the wetter and mountainous areas where the rainfall exceeds 1500 mm.

Project funding: Commonwealth Forest and Timber Bureau (1971-1978), CSIRO internal funding (1978-1992), Tropical Rainforest Ecology and Management and the Rainforest Cooperative Research Centres (1992-2006), Earthwatch (2006). S

Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Methods

Number
1
Title
Plot set-up
Description
The 20 CSIRO permanent plots were opportunistically located ahead of logging operations or in areas of no or minor recent disturbance (EP9 and EP38 showed evidence of slight disturbance in a section of the plot due to selective logging at least 20 years prior to establishment). Where possible, plots were located to represent the major forests and geologies of North Queensland. All plots were surveyed to enclose a projected plan view area of 0.5 ha (100 m x 50 m) with plot boundary distances corrected for slope. Plot boundaries were surveyed with prismatic compasses, 50 m steel survey band and Abney level. The four plot corners were initially marked with treated wooden pegs and subsequently replaced with steel pickets. All plots were subdivided into 16 subplots, each 25 m x 12.5 m with permanent wooden subplot markers. A 20 m buffer area around each plot was established to exclude future human disturbance. A canopy tower was located adjacent to both EP4 and EP33 from establishment until 2005 and focussed on canopy sampling and photosynthetic studies. Data from the towers is not included in this data paper, however, publications resulting from data collected are included in the publications and results section. The plots were established between 1971 and 1980 and were initially censused every two years until 1991. Since 1991 census intervals have ranged between 2-15 years.
Instrument
Plot boundaries were surveyed with prismatic compasses, 50 m steel survey band and Abney level.


Number
2
Title
Understorey Floristic Data Collection
Description
The understorey floristic composition was assessed for all plots at establishment. Within each subplot, the presence or absence of each species were assigned numeric classes as follows:
The number 1 was assigned in subplots where individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height;
The number 2 was assigned in subplots where individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH;
The number 3 was assigned in subplots where individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH;
The number 0 was assigned if species was not present.
A voucher specimen was collected for a representative of each species not present as a stem ≥10 cm DBH on each plot. These vouchers were lodged at the Australian Tropical Herbarium (ATH) and various herbaria around the world. All plots are progressively being re-assessed and vouchers for any new species are collected in a semi-formal manner.
Instrument


File Descriptions

Name
mtrf_understorey_floristic_data_1972+_p825t1011.csv
Description

1st_a
definitionFirst Survey Subplot A. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_b
definitionFirst Survey Subplot B. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_c
definitionFirst Survey Subplot C. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_d
definitionFirst Survey Subplot D. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_e
definitionFirst Survey Subplot E. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_f
definitionFirst Survey Subplot F. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_g
definitionFirst Survey Subplot G. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_h
definitionFirst Survey Subplot H. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_i
definitionFirst Survey Subplot I. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_j
definitionFirst Survey Subplot J. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_k
definitionFirst Survey Subplot K. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_l
definitionFirst Survey Subplot L. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_m
definitionFirst Survey Subplot M. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_n
definitionFirst Survey Subplot N. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_o
definitionFirst Survey Subplot O. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
1st_p
definitionFirst Survey Subplot P. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_a
definitionSecond Survey Subplot A. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_b
definitionSecond Survey Subplot B. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_c
definitionSecond Survey Subplot C. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_d
definitionSecond Survey Subplot D. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_e
definitionSecond Survey Subplot E. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_f
definitionSecond Survey Subplot F. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_g
definitionSecond Survey Subplot G. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_h
definitionSecond Survey Subplot H. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_i
definitionSecond Survey Subplot I. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_j
definitionSecond Survey Subplot J. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_k
definitionSecond Survey Subplot K. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_l
definitionSecond Survey Subplot L. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_m
definitionSecond Survey Subplot M. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_n
definitionSecond Survey Subplot N. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_o
definitionSecond Survey Subplot O. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
2nd_p
definitionSecond Survey Subplot P. "0" - species not present; "1" - individuals were present as ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height; "2" - individuals were present as >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH; "3" - individuals were present as both ≥ 50 cm to 3 m in height and >3 m in height and <10 cm DBH.
nominal text definitionCharacter
ep_number
definitionCSIRO experimental plot number
nominal text definitionCharacter
first_survey_date
date time formatMth YYYY
definitionMonth and year of first survey
first_survey_month
date time formatMM
definitionMonth of first survey
first_survey_year
date time formatYYYY
definitionYear of first survey
number of records2144
plot
definitionPlot number
nominal text definitionCharacter
second_survey_date
date time formatMon YYYY
definitionMonth and year of second survey
second_survey_month
date time formatMM
definitionMonth of second survey
second_survey_year
date time formatYYYY
definitionYear of second survey
species
definitionPlant species
nominal text definitionCharacter


Contact Emailmatt.bradford@csiro.au
Contact AddressCSIRO
P.O. Box 780
Atherton, Qld., 4883
Australia


Contact Phone Number+61 7 4091 8800
Principal InvestigatorMatt Bradford
SupervisorsMatt Bradford
CollaboratorsDaniel Metcalfe
Greg Unwin
Bernie Hyland
Tony Irvine
David Keith
Andrew J. Ford
Fields of Research0501 Ecological Applications
0602 Ecology
KeywordsGCMD:Biological Classification > Plants
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Vegetation structure
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species composition
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species abundance
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Individual plants
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Cyclones
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Climate change
keyword:rainforest
keyword:mortality
keyword:recruitment
keyword:cyclone
keyword:hurricane
keyword:disturbance
keyword:stem growth
keyword:stem height
keyword:permanent plot
keyword:Australia
keyword:biomass
Tropical Rainforest
Understorey Floristics
Type of Research ActivityStrategic basic research
Date Coverage
Date FromDate To
19722016
Geospatial Location
Location TypeLocation Value
TextThe CSIRO permanent rainforest plots are located within 60 km of the north Queensland coast between Mackay (21.5ºS, 149ºE) and the Iron Range on Cape York Peninsula (12.5ºS, 143ºE). North-eastern Australia is topographically diverse, and the plots span much of the geographical variation in environmental gradients across the study area. The climate is tropical with mean annual rainfall ranging from 1200 mm to over 8000 mm on the higher coastal ranges. Seventeen of the plots are located within the Wet Tropics Bioregion (sensu Department of Environment 2013) between 19.4ºS, 146.5ºE and 15.7ºS, 145.3ºE.
DCMI Box notation conformant with iso 19139northlimit = -12.74273; southlimit = -21.25266; westlimit = 143.25092; eastLimit = 148.54295
Date of data creation2018-10-26
Year of data publication2018
Creator(s) for Citation
Given NameSurname
Matt G.Bradford
Publisher for CitationThe Australian National University Data Commons
Publications

Identifier Type
Digital Object Identifier
Identifier Value
10.4225/08/59475c67be7a4
Publication Title
CSIRO Permanent Rainforest Plots of North Queensland, 1971-2013.
Publication Reference
CSIRO Permanent Rainforest Plots of North Queensland, 1971-2013. CSIRO, http://doi.org/10.4225/08/59475c67be7a4


Identifier Type
International Standard Book Number
Identifier Value
9781920928193 (pbk)
Publication Title
Census of the Queensland flora 2010
Publication Reference
Bostock, P. D., and A. E. Holland (2010). Census of the Queensland flora 2010. Toowoong: Queensland Herbarium.


Identifier Type
International Standard Book Number
Identifier Value
0734527039
Publication Title
Names and distribution of Queensland plants, algae and lichens
Publication Reference
Henderson, R.J.F. (ed) (2002). Names and distribution of Queensland plants, algae and lichens. Toowoong: Queensland Herbarium.


Other Related IdentifiersMorphoId:ltern9.62
PackageId:825
Access RightsRestrictions: To mitigate risks associated with threatened species, LTERN's Dat Policy is to mediate access to spatial data. As such, data publications under these Deeds will be divided into tables containing observation records which will be published open access and spatial data which will be mediated.
Access Rights TypeOpen
Rights held in and over the dataCreative Commons Licence (CC BY- Attribution) is assigned to this data. Details of the licence can be found at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Licence TypeCC-BY - Attribution (Version 4)
LicenceLTERN Deed: 20
Date of execution: 2014-07-31
Restrictions: To mitigate risks associated with threatened species, LTERN's Dat Policy is to mediate access to spatial data. As such, data publications under these Deeds will be divided into tables containing observation records which will be published open access and spatial data which will be mediated..
Data Locationhttps://datacommons.anu.edu.au
Retention PeriodIndefinitely
Data Management PlanNo
Status: Published
Published To:
- Australian National University
- Australian National Data Service
Identifier: anudc:5832
Please login to request access to this dataset
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