Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network: Nocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys, Booderee National Park, Jervis Bay Territory, 2003-2017

Abstract: This nocturnal marsupial and bird focused count data package comprises transect-based spotlighting surveys conducted every one to two years between 2003 and 2017 along a 100 m-long transect at each site. The abundance of species observed or heard is recorded, and counts are not undertaken in poor weather (rain, fog, or high wind). Each site is spotlit for 20 minutes per 100 m transect. Spotlight surveys commenced in 2003, were conducted annually until 2007, and have been continued biennially since. Opportunistic records of the presence of amphibians, reptiles, other mammals, and a crustacean are included. The Jervis Bay Plot Network was established in 2002 in Booderee National Park in the Jervis Bay Territory, south-eastern Australia. The study location is a floristically diverse area in which fire history has been well-documented over several decades. The plot network’s objectives involve quantifying the inter-relationships between natural disturbance and/or management intervention (including weed and feral animal control and prescribed burning) and the reciprocal changes in vegetation condition and biodiversity response. This particular study forms part of the collection of data packages from the Jervis Bay Plot Network. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Jervis Bay Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c070a5ee94. Sampling method: Since March 2007, surveying has taken place at a total of 130 sites. These include the original 110 permanent sites in the study at Booderee National Park, as first delineated in 2002, using two stratifying variables: (1) broad vegetation type (heathland, forest, woodland, etc.); and (2) past fire history – classified into four classes of time since the last fire (0-10 years, 11-20 years, 21-30 years and >30 years). Also included since March 2007 are 20 extra sites, set up as part of the “Bitou experiment”. Study extent: Each site is surveyed on a different night by a different observer to reduce night effects on detection and reduce problems with observer differences. Most fauna species names in the data are the currently accepted scientific names (as at January 2018), but some exceptions exist and these are: Cherax sp, Macropod, Microbat spp, and Tyto alba (nomenclatural synonym for Tyto javanica). Likewise, most tree species names (where recorded) in the data are the currently accepted scientific names (again, as at January 2018), but several exceptions exist because either the species is not identified or there is a non-scientific descripti and on. Entries where only a genus is recorded include Acacia sp, Banksia sp, Casuarina sp, Eucalyptus sp, Leptospermum sp, Livistona sp, and Melaleuca sp. Entries where an informal description is recorded include: “Dead banksia serrata”, “Dead Eucalypt”, “Dead Shrub”, “Understorey”, and “vines”. Project funding: Up until 2012 this project was funded by an ARC Linkage Grant and industry partners Parks Australia and the Department of Defence. Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Type
collection
Title
Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network: Nocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys, Booderee National Park, Jervis Bay Territory, 2003-2017
Alternate Title
Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network: Nocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys, 2003-2017
Collection Type
Dataset
Access Privileges
Long Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier
10.25911/5c414aa466421
Metadata Language
English
Data Language
English
Brief Description
This nocturnal marsupial and bird focused count data package comprises transect-based spotlighting surveys conducted every one to two years between 2003 and 2017 along a 100 m-long transect at each site. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Jervis Bay Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c070a5ee94.
Full Description
Abstract: This nocturnal marsupial and bird focused count data package comprises transect-based spotlighting surveys conducted every one to two years between 2003 and 2017 along a 100 m-long transect at each site. The abundance of species observed or heard is recorded, and counts are not undertaken in poor weather (rain, fog, or high wind). Each site is spotlit for 20 minutes per 100 m transect. Spotlight surveys commenced in 2003, were conducted annually until 2007, and have been continued biennially since. Opportunistic records of the presence of amphibians, reptiles, other mammals, and a crustacean are included. The Jervis Bay Plot Network was established in 2002 in Booderee National Park in the Jervis Bay Territory, south-eastern Australia. The study location is a floristically diverse area in which fire history has been well-documented over several decades. The plot network’s objectives involve quantifying the inter-relationships between natural disturbance and/or management intervention (including weed and feral animal control and prescribed burning) and the reciprocal changes in vegetation condition and biodiversity response. This particular study forms part of the collection of data packages from the Jervis Bay Plot Network. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Jervis Bay Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c070a5ee94. Sampling method: Since March 2007, surveying has taken place at a total of 130 sites. These include the original 110 permanent sites in the study at Booderee National Park, as first delineated in 2002, using two stratifying variables: (1) broad vegetation type (heathland, forest, woodland, etc.); and (2) past fire history – classified into four classes of time since the last fire (0-10 years, 11-20 years, 21-30 years and >30 years). Also included since March 2007 are 20 extra sites, set up as part of the “Bitou experiment”. Study extent: Each site is surveyed on a different night by a different observer to reduce night effects on detection and reduce problems with observer differences. Most fauna species names in the data are the currently accepted scientific names (as at January 2018), but some exceptions exist and these are: Cherax sp, Macropod, Microbat spp, and Tyto alba (nomenclatural synonym for Tyto javanica). Likewise, most tree species names (where recorded) in the data are the currently accepted scientific names (again, as at January 2018), but several exceptions exist because either the species is not identified or there is a non-scientific descripti and on. Entries where only a genus is recorded include Acacia sp, Banksia sp, Casuarina sp, Eucalyptus sp, Leptospermum sp, Livistona sp, and Melaleuca sp. Entries where an informal description is recorded include: “Dead banksia serrata”, “Dead Eucalypt”, “Dead Shrub”, “Understorey”, and “vines”. Project funding: Up until 2012 this project was funded by an ARC Linkage Grant and industry partners Parks Australia and the Department of Defence. Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Methods
1
Plot Setup
Originally, in 2002, 110 permanent sites were identified for the study at Booderee National Park using two stratifying variables: (1) broad vegetation type (heathland, forest, woodland, etc.); and (2) past fire history – classified into four classes of time since the last fire (0-10 years, 11-20 years, 21-30 years and >30 years).
When the project started in 2003, it was based on the original number of sites, but in March 2007 the number of sites increased to 130, as a result of including 20 new sites set up as part of the “Bitou experiment”.
Features of the experimental design are: stratified random site selection, replication of classes, replication proportional to area, sampling of the plots both before and after unplanned wildfire, the occurrence of unburned ‘control’ sites and treatment (burned) sites, and continued surveys over time. Commencing at the 0 m point a steel post has been placed at 20 m intervals along a 100 m long transect.
ArcGIS, GPS, tape measure, steel posts, reflective tape
2
Spotlight surveys
Nocturnal mammals and birds were counted using transect-based spotlighting surveys annually from 2003 to 2007, and biennially thereafter. Each site was spotlit for 20 minutes per 100 m transect (10 minutes up and 10 minutes back). Animals were only counted once per site. Counts were not undertaken in poor weather (rain, fog or high wind). Prior to 2015, the standard practice was one visit per site; from 2015, repeat visits became standard, with two visits to most sites per survey. The abundance of species observed or heard was recorded, and the presence of other species (usually herpetofauna, e.g. frogs and snakes) was also recorded.
Spotlight; binoculars
3
Documentation
At each observation the following were recorded: site, species, abundance, time, distance along the transect; estimated distance from the transect and elevation of animal above the ground and tree species (if known).
Spotlight data form
File Descriptions
ljbb_nocturnal_mammal_bird_spotlight_surveys_2003-2017_p895t1177.csv
abundance
definitionCount of species detected at designated distance class
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
comments
definitionSurvey data comments; these are mostly blank, but when recorded comments usually specify if the animal was "heard" or was "calling", or describe its location or weather conditions or a characteristic of the individual(s) observed.
nominal text definitionCharacter
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionActual date of survey; note that occasionally the year in the survey date may not match the survey year variable, e.g. there are survey dates in January 2006 that correspond to the 2005 survey.
descriptionNocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys for Jervis Bay Booderee National Park, 2003+
distance_along_transect
definitionDistance along transect (usually, but not always, recorded)
ratio custom unitmetre
ratio number typewhole
distance_off_transect
definitionDistance off transect (usually, but not always, recorded)
ratio custom unitmetre
ratio number typewhole
height_of_animal
definitionElevation at which animal was detected off ground level (if recorded)
ratio custom unitmetre
ratio number typewhole
number of records2323
species
definitionBlank values indicate where no species were detected on the site during the visit. A non-blank value is usually the scientific name of the spotlit animal; by-catch species are included, e.g. Crinia signifera, Limondynastes peronii, Litoria jervisiensis, Paracrinia haswelli, Pseudophryne bibronii. "Macropod" denotes unidentified marsupials belonging to the Macropodidae family.
nominal text definitionCharacter
time
date time formathh:mm
definitionTime of observation (if recorded)
tree_species
definitionMostly blank, but when recorded, usually the scientific name of the tree or shrub on which the spotlit animal was detected.
nominal text definitionCharacter
visit_code
definitionVisit code; identifier constructed from year of survey, site code, and repeat number (these source values are recorded in the visit data table, p895t1183). The visit code links survey data with relevant site information.
nominal text definitionCharacter
ljbb_nocturnal_mammal_bird_spotlight_visit_2003-2017_p895t1183.csv
cloud
definition"Cloud" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1clear
2patchy
3broken
4overcast
NAnot measured
comments
definitionSite information comments; these are usually blank, but when recorded they mostly specify if nothing was observed / recorded for the visit.
nominal text definitionCharacter
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionActual date of survey; note that occasionally the year in the survey date may not match the survey year variable, e.g. there are survey dates in January 2006 that correspond to the 2005 survey.
descriptionSite Information for Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Nocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys, 2003+
nightlight
definition"Nightlight" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1dark
2dim
3moderately bright
4bright
NAnot measured
number of records1435
repeat_number
definitionSurvey replicates in a given year
ratio number typenatural
ratio standard unitnumber
site_number
definitionSite code, which is a combination of the site vegetation type and a plot number.
nominal text definitionCharacter
temperature
definition"Temperature" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1cold
2cool
3mild
4warm
NAnot measured
visit_code
definitionVisit code; identifier constructed from year of survey, site code, and repeat number. The visit code links survey data with relevant site information.
nominal text definitionCharacter
wind
definition"Wind" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1calm
2light
3moderate
4windy
NAnot measured
year
date time formatYYYY
definitionYear of survey
ljbb_nocturnal_mammal_bird_spotlight_surveys_2012-2017_p895t1202.csv
abundance
definitionCount of species detected at designated distance class
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
comments
definitionSurvey data comments; these are mostly blank, but when recorded comments usually specify if the animal was "heard" or was "calling", or describe its location or weather conditions or a characteristic of the individual(s) observed.
nominal text definitionCharacter
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionActual date of survey; note that occasionally the year in the survey date may not match the survey year variable.
descriptionNocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys for Jervis Bay Booderee National Park, 2012+
distance_along_transect
definitionDistance along transect (usually, but not always, recorded)
ratio custom unitmetre
ratio number typewhole
distance_off_transect
definitionDistance off transect (usually, but not always, recorded)
ratio custom unitmetre
ratio number typewhole
height_of_animal
definitionElevation at which animal was detected off ground level (if recorded)
ratio custom unitmetre
ratio number typewhole
number of records1033
species
definitionBlank values indicate where no species were detected on the site during the visit. A non-blank value is usually the scientific name of the spotlit animal; by-catch species are included, e.g. Crinia signifera, Limondynastes peronii, Litoria jervisiensis, Paracrinia haswelli, Pseudophryne bibronii. "Macropod" denotes unidentified marsupials belonging to the Macropodidae family.
nominal text definitionCharacter
time
date time formathh:mm
definitionTime of observation (if recorded)
tree_species
definitionMostly blank, but when recorded, usually the scientific name of the tree or shrub on which the spotlit animal was detected.
nominal text definitionCharacter
visit_code
definitionVisit code; identifier constructed from year of survey, site code, and repeat number (these source values are recorded in the visit data table, p895t1203). The visit code links survey data with relevant site information.
nominal text definitionCharacter
ljbb_nocturnal_mammal_bird_spotlight_visit_2012-2017_p895t1203.csv
cloud
definition"Cloud" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1clear
2patchy
3broken
4overcast
NAnot measured
comments
definitionSite information comments; these are usually blank, but when recorded they mostly specify if nothing was observed / recorded for the visit.
nominal text definitionCharacter
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionActual date of survey; note that occasionally the year in the survey date may not match the survey year variable.
descriptionSite Information for Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Nocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys, 2012+
nightlight
definition"Nightlight" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1dark
2dim
3moderately bright
4bright
NAnot measured
number of records617
repeat_number
definitionSurvey replicates in a given year
ratio number typenatural
ratio standard unitnumber
site_number
definitionSite code, which is a combination of the site vegetation type and a plot number.
nominal text definitionCharacter
temperature
definition"Temperature" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1cold
2cool
3mild
4warm
NAnot measured
visit_code
definitionVisit code; identifier constructed from year of survey, site code, and repeat number. The visit code links survey data with relevant site information.
nominal text definitionCharacter
wind
definition"Wind" from look-up list (subjective measure); value of NA indicates not measured.
ordinal enumeration codes
1calm
2light
3moderate
4windy
NAnot measured
year
date time formatYYYY
definitionYear of survey
Contact Email
david.lindenmayer@anu.edu.au
Contact Address
Fenner School of Environment & Society ANU College of Medicine, Biology & Environment Frank Fenner Building 141 Linnaeus Way CANBERRA, ACT, 0200 Australia
Contact Phone Number
+61 2 612 50654; +61 427 770 593
Contact Fax Number
+61 2 6125 0746
Principal Investigator
David Lindenmayer
Supervisors
David Lindenmayer
Collaborators
Australian Government Parks Australia; Australian Government Department of Defence; Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community Council
Fields of Research
0501 - Ecological Applications; 0602 - Ecology; 0608 - Zoology
Keywords
GCMD:Earth Science > Biological Classification > Animals/Vertebrates > Amphibians > Frogs/Toads; GCMD:Earth Science > Biological Classification > Animals/Vertebrates > Birds; GCMD:Earth Science > Biological Classification > Animals/Vertebrates > Mammals; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Birds; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Fragmentation; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Herpetofauna; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Mammals; keyword:Arboreal mammals; keyword:Booderee National Park; keyword:Spotlighting; Jervis Bay Booderee National Park; Nocturnal Mammal and Bird Spotlight Surveys
Type of Research Activity
Strategic basic research
Date Coverage
2003-02-24
2017-07-28
Geospatial Location
text
Booderee National Park, Jervis Bay Territory, south-eastern Australia.
iso19139dcmiBox
northlimit = -35.114116; southlimit = -35.195078; westlimit = 150.590591; eastLimit = 150.76929
Date of data creation
2018-06-20
Year of data publication
2018
Creator(s) for Citation
David
Lindenmayer
Publisher for Citation
The Australian National University Data Commons
Other Related Identifiers
MorphoId:ltern7.76; PackageId:895
Access Rights
Special Conditions: Co-authorship with the data provider (Professor David Lindenmayer) of any publication of research utilising this data is an expected outcome. The data provider requests consultation, including a summary of the proposed research and intended use before publication of research utilising this data if possible. Please note that data collected prior to 2012 is available via mediated access only.
Access Rights Type
Restricted
Licence Type
AusGoalRestrictive - AusGoal Restrictive Licence
Licence
LTERN Deed: 48 Date of execution: 2017-07-10 Restrictions: All project data (i.e. data collected from 2012 onwards) is to be published with open access. All spatial data and all background data (i.e. data collected prior to 2012) is to be published with mediated access.
Retention Period
Indefinitely
Data Management Plan
No
Status: Published
Published to:
  • Australian National University
  • Australian National Data Service