Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network: Site-level Plot Data Collected During an Assessment of the Ecological and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: a Long-term Experimental Study, 2007-2014

Abstract: This vegetation data package comprises site level plot data collected as part of a controlled and replicated experimental study at Bherwerre Peninsula in Booderee National Park, which is located in the Jervis Bay Territory, Australia. The aim of the study is to estimate the effects of the different sub-treatments of Bitou Bush control methods on the abundance and recruitment of both the target species and native plant species. Sites were stratified into three broad groups, namely sites with no Bitou Bush; sites with Bitou Bush where a control regime of spray-fire-spray and spray-fire-fire was applied and combinations of particular treatments where only part of the treatment regime was applied. Data were collected from four 1 m x 1 m permanent survey plots situated on the 80 m transect on each of our 33 sites. Each site was surveyed on 14 occasions, at different stages of the treatment sequence, so comparisons of no treatment, a partial sequence of treatments, and a full sequence can be made from observations at the same site, resulting in 356 site-survey combinations in total. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network's full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c070a5ee94 These data were published as a component of the paper Lindenmayer et al., 2015. A Long-Term Experimental Case Study of the Ecological Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: Bitou Bush Control in Booderee National Park in Eastern Australia. PLOS ONE, http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128482 Sampling method: The study design accounted for several practical realities associated with the control of a weed of national significance in a reserve. First, under the management plan for BNP, all areas infested with Bitou Bush must be subject to some kind of treatment (even if the recommended protocol cannot be fully implemented; see below). This precluded the establishment of control sites where Bitou Bush occurred but remained untreated. However, we included some sites where Bitou Bush had not occurred. These sites were used as controls in assessing the effect of the treatments on native vegetation. Second, the large spatial extent of Bitou Bush infestation on Bherwerre Peninsula meant that it is not possible to spray all affected areas at the same time; even if this was possible, there were insufficient resources to burn all treated areas simultaneously. Third, logistical and human safety issues mean that only some areas received the complete spray-fire-spray regime and others were subject to only parts of it or different combinations of particular treatments. Therefore, all of the sites in our experiment had different treatment histories. Fourth, the recommended spray-fire-spray treatment regime requires several years to be fully implemented at a given site. This meant that because a given site is surveyed many times throughout the duration of the study, it could appear under different treatment sequences according to the progression of particular treatments over time. Fifth, it was not possible to prevent some kinds of other disturbances and in late 2007, a low to moderate severity wildfire burned part of our study area resulting in some sites being burned once by prescribed fire (post-Bitou Bush treatment) and once by a wildfire. Study extent: The effects of different sub-treatments of Bitou Bush control methods on the abundance and recruitment of both the target species and on native plant species are measured. Sites were stratified into three broad groups, namely sites with no Bitou Bush; sites with Bitou Bush where the complete control regime of spray-fire-spray was applied; and sites with Bitou Bush where only part of the treatment regime was applied. Data were collected from four 1 m x 1 m permanent survey plots situated on the 80 m transect on each of our 33 sites, and each site was surveyed on up to 14 occasions, giving 356 site-survey combinations in total. Plot-level mean values are provided for a number of variables. In one observation (1-51), plants were only counted for a subset of the four plots. Those values are denoted as an "*". Project funding: Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Type
collection
Title
Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network: Site-level Plot Data Collected During an Assessment of the Ecological and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: a Long-term Experimental Study, 2007-2014
Alternate Title
Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network: Ecological And Cost Effectiveness Of Invasive Plant Management In Achieving Conservation Goals, 2007–2014
Collection Type
Dataset
Access Privileges
Long Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier
10.25911/5c4008583301d
Metadata Language
English
Data Language
English
Brief Description
These data were published as a component of the paper Lindenmayer et al., 2015. A Long-Term Experimental Case Study of the Ecological Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: Bitou Bush Control in Booderee National Park in Eastern Australia. PLOS ONE, http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128482 A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network's full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c070a5ee94
Full Description
Abstract: This vegetation data package comprises site level plot data collected as part of a controlled and replicated experimental study at Bherwerre Peninsula in Booderee National Park, which is located in the Jervis Bay Territory, Australia. The aim of the study is to estimate the effects of the different sub-treatments of Bitou Bush control methods on the abundance and recruitment of both the target species and native plant species. Sites were stratified into three broad groups, namely sites with no Bitou Bush; sites with Bitou Bush where a control regime of spray-fire-spray and spray-fire-fire was applied and combinations of particular treatments where only part of the treatment regime was applied. Data were collected from four 1 m x 1 m permanent survey plots situated on the 80 m transect on each of our 33 sites. Each site was surveyed on 14 occasions, at different stages of the treatment sequence, so comparisons of no treatment, a partial sequence of treatments, and a full sequence can be made from observations at the same site, resulting in 356 site-survey combinations in total. A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Jervis Bay Booderee National Park Plot Network's full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c3c070a5ee94 These data were published as a component of the paper Lindenmayer et al., 2015. A Long-Term Experimental Case Study of the Ecological Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: Bitou Bush Control in Booderee National Park in Eastern Australia. PLOS ONE, http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128482 Sampling method: The study design accounted for several practical realities associated with the control of a weed of national significance in a reserve. First, under the management plan for BNP, all areas infested with Bitou Bush must be subject to some kind of treatment (even if the recommended protocol cannot be fully implemented; see below). This precluded the establishment of control sites where Bitou Bush occurred but remained untreated. However, we included some sites where Bitou Bush had not occurred. These sites were used as controls in assessing the effect of the treatments on native vegetation. Second, the large spatial extent of Bitou Bush infestation on Bherwerre Peninsula meant that it is not possible to spray all affected areas at the same time; even if this was possible, there were insufficient resources to burn all treated areas simultaneously. Third, logistical and human safety issues mean that only some areas received the complete spray-fire-spray regime and others were subject to only parts of it or different combinations of particular treatments. Therefore, all of the sites in our experiment had different treatment histories. Fourth, the recommended spray-fire-spray treatment regime requires several years to be fully implemented at a given site. This meant that because a given site is surveyed many times throughout the duration of the study, it could appear under different treatment sequences according to the progression of particular treatments over time. Fifth, it was not possible to prevent some kinds of other disturbances and in late 2007, a low to moderate severity wildfire burned part of our study area resulting in some sites being burned once by prescribed fire (post-Bitou Bush treatment) and once by a wildfire. Study extent: The effects of different sub-treatments of Bitou Bush control methods on the abundance and recruitment of both the target species and on native plant species are measured. Sites were stratified into three broad groups, namely sites with no Bitou Bush; sites with Bitou Bush where the complete control regime of spray-fire-spray was applied; and sites with Bitou Bush where only part of the treatment regime was applied. Data were collected from four 1 m x 1 m permanent survey plots situated on the 80 m transect on each of our 33 sites, and each site was surveyed on up to 14 occasions, giving 356 site-survey combinations in total. Plot-level mean values are provided for a number of variables. In one observation (1-51), plants were only counted for a subset of the four plots. Those values are denoted as an "*". Project funding: Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Methods
1
Plot setup
Data were collected from four 1 m x 1 m permanent survey plots situated on the 80 m transect on each of our 34 sites. Plots on each transect were set at least 20 m apart. At each plot, a 1m x 1m frame was placed over the vegetation.
Not specified
2
Treatment
The full treatment regime for the control of Bitou Bush in BNP is a combination of sequential sub-treatments. A key sub-treatment is spraying of Ultra Low Volume (ULV) glyphosate either aerially by helicopter or on the ground. The concentration of glyphosate varies by method of application, due to the size of droplets and the coverage provided by the applicator. Aerial spraying uses a concentration of 15% glyphosate, the splatter method from a hose connected to a tank on a 4WD vehicle uses 10% glyphosate, and the spot-spray method from a knapsack uses 5% glyphosate. Spraying takes place in winter (when native plants are relatively metabolically inactive but Bitou Bush remains metabolically active; Toth, Milham & Nazer 1993). After the first application of herbicide, treated Bitou Bush plants cure for >1 year before being burned in a prescribed fire. The fire triggers germination of Bitou Bush seed in the soil and a year later, a follow-up spray of ULV glyphosate kills fire-triggered seedlings. Prescribed fires are applied to 15-85 ha compartment units of treated vegetation in any given year.
Not specified
3
Data collection
Percentage cover measurements were collected for live Bitou Bush, dead Bitou Bush, all native vegetation, crown cover (by observation above the plot to an area of approximately 10 m x 10 m). In addition, we completed counts of the number of individual live Bitou Bush plants, dead Bitou Bush plants, other exotic plant species, and native plant species. We also derived a list of species in each 1 m x 1 m survey plot, from which we generated data for the number of exotic and native plant species. A single observer completed all vegetation surveys four times annually from 2007 to 2013.
Not specified
File Descriptions
ljbb_bitou_bush_paper_p73t214_varying_site_details.csv
date
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey
fire_severity
definitionMean value derived from index
interval number typereal
interval standard unitmole
nquad
definitionNumber of quadrats per site
nominal text definitionCharacter
number_of_bitou_plants
definitionMean count Bitou Bush plants
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
number_of_bracken
definitionMean count bracken
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
number_of_grass_plants
definitionMean count grass plants
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
number_of_grass_species
definitionMean count grass species
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
number_of_native_seedlings_plant
definitionMean count native plants (excluding grasses and bracken)
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
number_of_native_species
definitionMean count native species
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
site
definitionsite code
nominal text definitionCharacter
sitesurvey
definitionSite and survey code where last 3 digits denote 2-digit year-2000 and temporal replate during that year.
nominal text definitionCharacter
survey
definitionSurvey code comprising: year-2000 plus replicate for that year (last digit)
interval number typewhole
interval standard unitnumber
x_bitou_bush_alive
definitionMean percentage cover live bitou bush
interval number typereal
interval standard unitsquareMeter
x_bitou_bush_dead
definitionMean percentage cover dead bitou bush
interval number typereal
interval standard unitsquareMeter
x_cover_of_natives
definitionMean percentage cover native plant species
interval number typereal
interval standard unitdimensionless
x_crown_cover
definitionMean percentage crown cover
interval number typereal
interval standard unitdimensionless
year
definitionYear-2000
interval number typewhole
interval standard unitnominalYear
ljbb_bitou_bush_paper_p73t214_non_varying_site_details.csv
aerial_10_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 10
aerial_11_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 11
aerial_12_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 12
aerial_13_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 13
aerial_14_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 14
aerial_15_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 15
aerial_16_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 16
aerial_17_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 17
aerial_6_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 6
aerial_9_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of aerial-spray event 9
easting
definitionSite location AGD66 Zone 56H
interval number typewhole
interval standard unitmeter
fire_1_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 1
fire_10_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 10
fire_11_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 11
fire_12_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 12
fire_13_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 13
fire_14_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 14
fire_15_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 15
fire_16_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 16
fire_17_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 17
fire_2_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 2
fire_3_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 3
fire_4_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 4
fire_5_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 5
fire_6_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 6
fire_7_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 7
fire_8_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 8
fire_9_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of fire event 9
groun_3_d
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 3
ground_1_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 1
ground_10_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 10
ground_11_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 11
ground_12_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 12
ground_14_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 14
ground_15_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 15
ground_16_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 16
ground_17_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 17
ground_18_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 18
ground_4_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 4
ground_5_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 5
ground_6_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 6
ground_7_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 7
ground_9_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of ground-spray event 9
insurvey_1_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 1
insurvey_10_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 10
insurvey_11_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey_ 11
insurvey_12_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 12
insurvey_13_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 13
insurvey_2_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 2
insurvey_3_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 3
insurvey_4_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 4
insurvey_5_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 5
insurvey_6_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 6
insurvey_7_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 7
insurvey_8_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 8
insurvey_9_
date time formatYYYY-MM-DD
definitionDate of survey 9
northing
definitionSite location AGD66 Zone 56H
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitmeter
site
definitionSite code
nominal text definitionCharacter
vegtype
definitionVegetation type
nominal enumeration codes
1dominated by Bangalay Eucalyptus botryoides Sm.
2Swamp Oak Casuarina glauca Sieber ex Spreng, woodland and forest
ljbb_bitou_bush_paper_p73t214_mean_species_counts.csv
linking_variable
definitionThis is a linking_variable, based on the species names but formatted to allow statistical programs to use these as variables in modelling. This also allows the data tables to be linked together to recreate the original file used in the published analysis.
nominal text definitionCharacter
mean_counts
definitionMean counts of species detected
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
nquad
definitionNumber of quadrats per site
nominal text definitionCharacter
site
definitionSite code
nominal text definitionCharacter
sitesurvey
definitionSite and survey code. First digit year and second digit is sequential survey number that year
nominal text definitionCharacter
species
definitionSpecies detected
nominal text definitionCharacter
survey
definitionSurvey code comprising: year-2000 plus replicate for that year (last digit)
nominal text definitionCharacter
year
definitionYear-2000
interval number typewhole
interval standard unitnominalYear
Contact Email
david.lindenmayer@anu.edu.au
Contact Address
Fenner School of Environment & Society ANU College of Medicine, Biology & Environment Frank Fenner Building 141 Linnaeus Way CANBERRA, ACT, 0200 Australia
Contact Phone Number
+61 2 612 50654; +61 427 770 593
Contact Fax Number
+61 2 6125 0746
Principal Investigator
David Lindenmayer
Supervisors
David Lindenmayer
Collaborators
Australian Government Parks Australia; Christopher MacGregor; Australian Government Department of Defence; Martin Fortescue; Nick Dexter; Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community Council
Fields of Research
0602 - Ecology
Keywords
GCMD:Biological Classification>Plants; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Vegetation structure; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species composition; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Plant species abundance; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Individual plants; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Fire; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Invasive plants; LTERN Monitoring Theme:Restoration; Jervis Bay Booderee National Park; Ecological And Cost Effectiveness Of Invasive Plant Management In Achieving Conservation Goals
Type of Research Activity
Strategic basic research
Date Coverage
2007-05-14
2014-03-03
Geospatial Location
text
Bherwerre Peninsula, Booderee National Park, Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia
iso19139dcmiBox
northlimit = -35.131813; southlimit = -35.164476; westlimit = 150.613285; eastLimit = 150.678648
Date of data creation
2015-06-02
Year of data publication
2015
Creator(s) for Citation
David
Lindenmayer
Publisher for Citation
Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN), ANU Data Commons, The Australian National University
Publications
doi
10.1371/journal.pone.0128482
A Long-Term Experimental Case Study of the Ecological Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: Bitou Bush Control in Booderee National Park in Eastern Australia.
Lindenmayer et al., 2015. A Long-Term Experimental Case Study of the Ecological Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness of Invasive Plant Management in Achieving Conservation Goals: Bitou Bush Control in Booderee National Park in Eastern Australia. PLOS ONE, http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128482
Related Websites
https://openresearch-repository.anu.edu.au/handle/1885/130861
ANU Open Research. Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) collection.
Other Related Identifiers
MorphoId:ltern2.291; PackageId:591
Access Rights
Access and use subject to negotiation upon request to data provider (Professor David Lindenmayer)
Access Rights Type
Restricted
Rights held in and over the data
AusGoal Restrictive Licence - This licence has been developed specifically for material that may contain personal or other confidential information. It may also be used for other reasons, including material to be licenced under some form of limiting or restrictive condition
Licence Type
AusGoalRestrictive - AusGoal Restrictive Licence
Licence
LTERN Deed: 40 Date of execution: 2014-04-29
Retention Period
Indefinitely
Data Management Plan
No
Status: Published
Published to:
  • Australian National University
  • Australian National Data Service
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