Mallee Plot Network: Herbivore Activity Data, Western New South Wales and South Australia, Australia, 2013

Typecollection
TitleMallee Plot Network: Herbivore Activity Data, Western New South Wales and South Australia, Australia, 2013
Alternate TitleMallee Plot Network: Herbivore Activity, 2013
Collection TypeDataset
Access PrivilegesLong Term Ecological Research Network
DOI - Digital Object Identifier10.25911/5c36b6b48ee55
Metadata LanguageEnglish
Data LanguageEnglish
Brief DescriptionThis 2013 Mallee Plot Network Herbivore Activity Data Package contains scat count data in Tarawi Nature Reserve; Scotia Sanctuary and Danggali National Park.

A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Mallee Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c133088bc5b9

Full DescriptionThis 2013 Mallee Plot Network Herbivore Activity Data Package contains scat count data for fifty-three experimental 0.2 hectare sites which were established on dune crests and upper slopes in Tarawi Nature Reserve; Scotia Sanctuary and Danggali National Park. Sites in Tarawi NR include four herbivore exclosure pilot sites established during 1996-1998, with further herbivore exclosure sites constructed at all sites except those in Dangalli CP and the Scotia Sanctuary sites burnt in 2009 and 2010.

The Mallee Plot Network research plots commenced in 1996 and were revisited annually for 3 years and then on a decadal basis.

A synopsis of related data packages which have been collected as part of the Mallee Plot Network’s full program is provided at https://doi.org/10.25911/5c133088bc5b9

Project funding: Between 2012 and 2018 this project was part of, and funded through the Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) a facility within the Terrestrial Ecosystem Research Network (TERN) and supported by the Australian Government through the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy.
Methods

Number
1
Title
Plot set-up
Description
Fifty-three experimental 0.2 hectare sites were established on dune crests and upper slopes in Tarawi Nature Reserve; Scotia Sanctuary and Danggali National Park during 1996 – 2011, of which 29 are located within Tarawi NR, with 16 in Scotia and eight in Danggali NR. These include four pilot sites established during 1996-1998, during which the design of herbivore exclosures were developed.
Instrument
Global Positioning System, Compass, Tape Measures


Number
2
Title
Grazing exclosure set-up
Description
Grazing exclosures were constructed at all sites except those in Dangalli CP and the Scotia Sanctuary sites burnt in 2009 and 2010. The latter site was within the Scotia Stage 1 fenced area from which goats and rabbits had been eliminated, kangaroos were at low densities and in which Bilbies, Numbats, Burrowing Bettongs and Bridled nail-tail wallabies had been introduced (Tony Cathcart, Australian Wildlife Conservancy, pers. comm.). The design of all exclosures constructed since year 2000 (inclusive) followed the layout in Figure 7.4.2. Each comprised five contiguous fenced cells 15 m square. Initially all five cells were closed to all vertebrate herbivores for approximately one year after their construction. The basic fence design comprised treated pine posts at each corner, four star pickets along each side with two droppers per panel between pickets supporting a 1.8 m tall sheep mesh wire fencing with chicken mesh covering the lower 0.6 m of vertical fall and turned outward at ground level to a further 0.6 m lateral apron. After being surveyed at the end of this period, the fences of respective cells were modified to allow selective access to different combinations of vertebrate herbivores as shown in Figure 7.4.3. One cell was retained in an unmodified state as a total exclusion treatment (None plot). In a second cell, the chicken wire mesh was removed from two sides, leaving a gap of 0.6 m beneath the sheep wire mesh and allowing access to macropods, goats and rabbits (All plot). In a third cell, the sheep mesh was removed from two sides leaving a 0.6 m tall chicken mesh fence, allowing access to macropods but not goats or rabbits (Kangaroo plot). In a fourth cell, the mesh apron was lifted and pinned to the fence, leaving a 10 cm gap at the base of the 1.8 m tall fence, allowing access to rabbits, but not macropods or goats (Rabbit plot). The fifth cell was designed to allow access to goats, but not macropods or rabbits (Goat plot). A wooden ramp 30 cm wide was constructed on the outside of the exclosure leading to a gap in the upper part of the fence 1.2 m above ground level in one corner of the plot. A similar ramp was constructed on the opposite corner of the cell, but with the ramp installed on the inside to allow exit from the cell. Subsequent scat counts indicated that neither goats, macropods or rabbits gained access to this cell, so that in practice Goat plots functioned as a second total exclusion treatment (cf. None plot). In addition, three external plots 13 m x 7.5 m were established outside and 7.5 m from the exclosure fence, where all vertebrate herbivores had continual access to the vegetation before and after burning treatment.
The standard exclosure layout was not followed at the four pilot sites established prior to year 2000.
T1996/1 had a single-celled exclosure comprising a 1.8 m fence with 0.6m ground apron to exclude all vertebrate herbivores (None plot). T1997/1, T1997/2 and T1998/CON1 comprised four cells as described above for the None, All, Kangaroo and Rabbit plots, except that all vertebrates were initially excluded using an electric fence constructed 2 m outside the perimeter of the exclosure fence and powered by 12-Volt batteries. The electric perimeter fences were dismantled 1.5 - 2.5 years after construction to allow access to respective herbivores.
Collectively, the experiment established a set of sites that represented a chronosequence of fire ages crossed with different grazing treatments and measured sequentially before and after implementation of the treatments. In addition to the sequence of three surveys carried out during establishment of the plots, an additional contemporaneous survey was carried out during spring 2011 - summer 2013 across all sites except those in Danggali CP. The sampling order was stratified by year of establishment and burn history.
Instrument
Fencing Tools, Fencing Materials, Quad bikes/4WD for transport


File Descriptions

Name
kmle_herbivore_scats_p137t315.csv
Description

censusn
definitionSequential census number
nominal text definitionCharacter
emu
definitionemu
ratio number typereal
ratio standard unitnumber
freshgoat
definitionFresh Goat scats
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
freshrabbit
definitionFresh Rabbit scats
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
freshroo
definitionFresh Macropod scats
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
oldgoat
definitionOld Goat scats
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
oldrabbit
definitionOld Rabbit scats
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
oldroo
definitionOld Macropod scats
ratio number typewhole
ratio standard unitnumber
sitelabel
definitionSite identification number
nominal text definitionCharacter
subplotlabel
definitionSub-plot identification number
nominal text definitionCharacter


Contact Emaildavid.keith@environment.nsw.gov.au
christopher.simpson@unsw.edu.au
k.wilkins@unsw.edu.au
mark.tozer@environment.nsw.gov.au
r.woodward@unsw.edu.au
david.keith@unsw.edu.au
Contact AddressAustralian Wetlands, Rivers and Landscapes Centre,
School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences,
University of New South Wales
SYDNEY, NSW, 2052
Australia

Contact Phone Number+61 2 9995 5000
+61 409 159 334
+61 2 9385 8435
+61 2 9585 6496
+61 2 9585 6051
+61 2 9385 2111
+61 427 856 498
+61 428 810 214
Principal InvestigatorDavid Keith
SupervisorsDavid Keith
CollaboratorsChris Simpson
Mark Tozer
Katy Wilkins
Dick Williams
Fields of Research0501 Ecological Applications
0602 Ecology
KeywordsGCMD:Earth Science > Biological Classification > Animals/Vertebrates > Birds
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Mammals
LTERN Monitoring Theme:Invasive animals
keyword:Disturbance history
keyword:Herbivore
keyword:Herbivory
keyword:Kangaroo
keyword:Rabbit
keyword:Goat
keyword:Emu
Mallee
Herbivore Activity
Type of Research ActivityStrategic basic research
Date Coverage
Date FromDate To
2013
Geospatial Location
Location TypeLocation Value
TextTarawi Nature Reserve; Scotia Sanctuary and Danggali National Park, Western New South Wales and South Australia, Australia
DCMI Box notation conformant with iso 19139northlimit = -33.271362; southlimit = -33.467802; westlimit = 140.958503; eastLimit = 141.222776
Date of data creation2014-09-23
Year of data publication2014
Creator(s) for Citation
Given NameSurname
DavidKeith
ChrisSimpson
KatyWilkins
MarkTozer
DickWilliams
Publisher for CitationLong Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN), ANU Data Commons, The Australian National University
Related Websites
URLTitle
https://hdl.handle.net/1885/130861Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTERN) collection in ANU Open Research
Other Related IdentifiersMorphoId:ltern2.193
PackageId:137
Access RightsPrior to publication of research utilising this data, the data provider (David Keith) requests consultation.
Access Rights TypeOpen
Rights held in and over the dataCreative Commons Licence (CC BY- Attribution) is assigned to this data. Details of the licence can be found at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Licence TypeCC-BY - Attribution (Version 4)
LicenceLTERN Deed: 13
Date of execution: 2014-04-30

Retention PeriodIndefinitely
Data Management PlanNo
Status: Published
Published To:
- Australian National University
- Australian National Data Service
Identifier: anudc:5759
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